Pauline Johnson (1861 – 1913) was the first Native American poet to have her work published in Canada and was one of the few women of her time who succeeded in supporting herself from her writings and recitals. Her work and performance reflected her mixed cultural heritage. During half the performance, Pauline wore a Victorian evening gown, but in the other half, she dressed in a buckskin dress embellished with silver brooches, wampum belts and two scalps.
She was the daughter of Chief George Johnson and Emily Howells,
who raised Pauline and her siblings at Chiefswood, along the banks of the Grand River. Her father designed Chiefswood with two front doors, which referenced the manor’s function as a meeting place between two cultures.